Dangerous and demanding, the industry attracted Swiss and German immigrants who were unable to establish productive farms. Dill.--Ten mile region.--History of El Paso County, by A.Z. Cities such as Booneville, Clarksville, Morrilton, Paris, and Perryville serve as cultural and economic centers within the rural counties of the River Valley.[17]. The Spaniard called the Arkansas the “Napestle” for its mudd… In Van Buren, the King Opera House is a restored 1880s opera house, now holding various events throughout the year. His fort was soon attacked by a competing trader, William Bent, manager of a nearby stockade built by Bent, St. Vrain & Company, who attacked Shoshone Indians trading at Gantt's Fort, killing a few and driving them away. Arkansas River near the Royal Gorge in Colorado. People have used the hot springs here for more than two hundred years to treat illnesses and to relax. Petit Jean State Park hosts an annual Wildflower Weekend in April and a Rendezvous the weekend after Thanksgiving. The Arkansas Valley, one of the six natural divisions of Arkansas, lies between the Ozark Mountains to the north and theOuachita Mountains to the south. This development occurred because of the rapid expansion of irrigation in Colorado. After your whitewater rafting or kayaking trip enjoy excellent fishing, hiking, mountain biking, rock climbing, zip lining, camping, backpacking and much more. The Arkansas River originates high in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains near Leadville, Colorado, and it ends in eastern Arkansas at the confluence with the Mississippi River where the town of Napoleon (Desha County) once stood. The Arkansas Valley boasted one of Colorado's finest orchards, planted near here in 1859. [3] Much of what is known about these early societies has been uncovered by the Arkansas Archaeological Survey and the Arkansas Archaeological Society at Carden Bottoms in Yell County near the Arkansas and Petit Jean Rivers. Links to this item. Colorado Outdoor Recreation | Arkansas River The Upper Arkansas River valley offers endless Colorado outdoor fun and recreation. Through Oklahoma and Arkansas, dams have artificially deepened and widened the Arkansas River to build it into a commercially navigable body of water. The river is 1,460 miles long and flows across three states before making its way into Arkansas. The River Valley's first wineries date to the postbellum era, when they were founded to produce wine for the Swiss and German immigrants relocating to the area to work in coal mines. Populations of Austrian Catholics, German Catholics, and German Catholics and Lutherans were relocating to the River Valley. Indicative of the disarray, Radical Republican Governor Powell Clayton declared martial law in ten counties following reelection in 1868. [14] Today, the Altus Area Coal Miner's Memorial is a series of five sculptures paying homage to area coal miners, with the names of over 2,500 local miners engraved at the site. 20,818 acres of land in Kansas are irrigated by Arkansas River water. Car show and festival entertainment. Vineyards and wineries around Altus have been in the same family for generations. Charleston: SC: The History Press, 2014. It is one of six natural divisions of Arkansas.[2]. At its headwaters, the Arkansas River runs as a steep mountain torrent through the Rockies in its narrow valley, dropping about 4,600 feet, creating The Numbers and Brown’s Canyon near Buena Vista, Colorado and the Royal Gorge at Canon City, Colorado, which see extensive whitewater rafting in the spring and summer. Gantt abandoned his fort that winter, as the Bents did their stockade, building Bent's Fort … Required fields are marked *. Mining became prominent by 1873, especially around the Altus area. Arkansas River Valley -- Biography. Much of what is known about these early societies has been uncovered by the Arkansas Archaeological Survey and the Arkansas Archaeological Society at Carden Bottoms in Y… Today, the McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System begins at the Port of Catoosa near Tulsa on the Verdigris River, which runs via an extensive Lock and Dam system to the Mississippi River. Page 16. The river is navigable by barges and large river craft to Muskogee, Oklahoma; however above Muskogee, the waterway is navigable only by small craft such as rafts or canoes. Most first encounters describe scattered villages and individual farmsteads in the River Valley, unlike the organized "towns" and groves and orchards encountered in eastern Arkansas. Near Clarksville, the Spadra Waterfront Marina offers RV camping, boat rentals, and guided trips along Spadra Creek. Many immigrants came to the River Valley searching for agricultural prosperity, particularly by farming cotton, which could fetch high prices at market and quickly turn a farm into a profitable enterprise. Along the plains, the channel is very shallow, in some places the banks being less than five feet above the low water and the channel as much as 3/4 of a mile wide. At around 29 million years ago, the Arkansas River valley formed. [15], The most populous city within the River Valley is Fort Smith, the principal city of the Fort Smith metropolitan area that also includes Van Buren and Alma. The Arkansas River below Granite, Colorado. From there, the Arkansas River widens as it enters the Great Plains, taking an eastward course. The Alma Performing Arts Center is the largest and most popular performing arts venue in the River Valley. The first recorded crossing of the Arkansas River at the ford of the later Taos or Trappers Trail was made by the Spaniard Ulibarri in 1706. View all subjects; More like this: Similar Items; Find a copy online. Both rich and poor came for the baths, and a town built up around the Hot Springs Reservation to accommodate them. This culture lives on today in the five vineyards still in operation. Southern Counterpart to Lewis and Clark: The Freeman and Custis Expedition of 1806. The River Valley contains a large quantity of protected areas, with broad diversity across the region and several different managing agencies. Baskin & Company, 1881 - Arkansas River Valley - 889 pages. The expedition traveled to Tanico, an important city somewhere in the River Valley, in September 1542. Page 117. Jammers Reunion in Adona, April. Google, pgs.415-889. The Red River Valley in Arkansas. Mount Bethel Winery has been in operation for over 100 years, and offers a tasting, tour and gift shop for visitors. The river here is narrow and fast as it transverses mountain scenery. “ Outside (free) you can see the commissary building (northwest), the footings of the officer building, the gallows, the original first fort (footings only) as well as a nice shaded pathway along the Arkansas river. [16] The city is an important economic, education and population center in the state. 1900. Together nicknamed "The American Spa," … Other cities in the River Valley are mostly of county-level significance, gateways to nearby recreational sites or small rural settlements. Major and record river flooding occurred primarily in northeastern Oklahoma, and the elevated flows continued downstream into Arkansas where the caused additional inundation. Selected pages. The Wiederkehr Weinfest in Wiederkehr Village, a winery founded by Johann Andreas Wiederkehr, is a free harvest festival held annually in October, including wine tasting, vineyard tours, music, polka dancing, traditional German cuisine and other festival entertainment. Upon arriving in the region, many found only densely forested upland to be the only property they could afford. It was built in May, 1834 on the north side of the Arkansas River about 6 miles below Fountain Creek. Contents. [5], Hernando de Soto became the first European explorer to enter Arkansas in 1541. The Arkansas Valley was originally formed by downwarping of a broad area as the Ouachitas were pushed northward and warped upward by continental collision toward the south. The western portion of the River Valley (i.e., around Fort Smith) is situated near an area known as Tornado Alley in the central United States. The NWR offers a driving tour with interpretative signs. Global Village Day at Heifer International, October. The earliest account of this river is to be found in the narratives of the Coronado Expedition of 1540-1541, in which the river was given the name “St. Well water could … Originating in the Boston Mountains of northwest Arkansas, it arcs northwards through southern Missouri before turning back into Arkansas, flowing … If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. It begins near Leadville and makes its way to the south to Salida before turning east and its eventual meeting with the Mississippi. Explore the colorful history of Arkansas and the upper Ouachita River Valley featuring the historic communities of Buckville, Cedar Glades, Hot Springs, Rockport, Malvern, Midway, and Arkadelphia: Visit “River Currents” to read blog posts about the area’s past and its people; see “Old News” for articles published in newspapers from yesteryear; view names of those in Arkansas as of the all-important … Show all links Find a copy in the library. [11] Several of the River Valley's small towns were founded by these groups, beginning as small clusters of immigrants and evolving into cohesive communities. The Arkansas Valley is a Level III ecoregion designated by the Environmental Protection Agency in the U.S. states of Arkansas and Oklahoma. From that day until now, the Arkansas River carved stone and shaped the landscape all the way from the mountains of Colorado to where it joins the Mississippi River in Arkansas. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Ulibarri was in command of a force comprising 20 soldiers, 12 settlers, and 100 Indian allies, all marching from Santa Fe to rescue a band of enslaved Picuris from the Cuartelejo Apaches of present-day eastern Colorado. Fort Smith is the second-largest city in Arkansas, and serves as a regional hub for culture, health care and transportation. The Arkansas River is one of the most historically and economically important rivers in the United States. Compiled and edited by Kathy Weiser/Legends of Kansas, updated May 2018. Due to the climate, fertile soil and immigrants accustomed to wine with their meals, several wineries were established in the River Valley. Elsewhere in the county, cotton and timber had given way to strawberry, hay, and cattle. The Arkansas River Valley (usually shortened to River Valley) is a region in Arkansas defined by the Arkansas River in the western part of the state. [4] Research at the site has linked artifacts to cave art (pictured at right) in a cave on Petit Jean Mountain, as well as establishing links to the Caddo, Osage, and Quapaw tribes. Later, the Santa Fe Trail followed the Arkansas River through much of Kansas. Residents and businesses along the highways offer items for sale to visitors and residents traveling two of the main east-west highways in the River Valley. The state operates four parks within the region: Lake Dardanelle State Park, Mount Magazine State Park, Mount Nebo State Park, and Petit Jean State Park. Through the Howling Wilderness: The 1864 Red River Campaign and Union Failure in the West. “ Outstanding military historical cemetery for 150 years with great history of Fort Smith as a strategic military post during the Civil War. 6: PnFIM ll . Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002. View all subjects; More like this: Similar Items; Find a copy online. The earliest account of this river is to be found in the narratives of the Coronado Expedition of 1540-1541, in which the river was given the name “St. [7] Although no River Valley counties were initially subject to the proclamation, Clayton added four more counties, including one partial-River Valley county, Conway County. Generally defined as the area between the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains,[1] the River Valley is characterized by flat lowlands covered in fertile farmland and lakes periodically interrupted by high peaks. Many parts of Arkansas had descended into lawlessness and violence between whitecapping groups (including the Ku Klux Klan), freedmen, Republicans, and unaffiliated bandits taking advantage of the chaos. ... History of Colorado, by W.B. May 28, 2019, 4:09 PM EDT Above: Homes are flooded on the Arkansas River in Tulsa, Okla., on Friday, May 24, 2019. Greenwood also has a Coal Miner's Memorial near the town square, with a restored coal railroad car and names of Sebastian County coal workers engraved on site. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. His expedition of 600 Spanish explorers searching for gold and riches crossed into Arkansas across the Mississippi River, and explored the state for the next two years. The future, however, lay in manufacturing plants, not fruit-bearing ones. The area gets its name from the Arkansas river that traverses the region. From 1900-1910, irrigation wells began to be constructed in the Arkansas valley. In the Pre-Colonial era, the River Valley was inhabited by Native American tribes, including Caddo, Cherokee, Choctaw, Osage, Tunica, and Quapaw tribes. Find the perfect arkansas river valley stock photo. The Alma Spinach Festival held on the third weekend in April pays homage to Alma's reputation as "Spinach Capital of the World". Details. It then flows east into the Midwest via Kansas, and finally into the South through Oklahoma and Arkansas. It generally flows to the east and southeast as it traverses the U.S. states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. Fourche River Days in Perryville, April. [8] Some immigrated directly from Europe, but most came from early settlements in the Ohio River Valley. Coal mining was an important industry in the River Valley's early history. The river's source basin lies in the western United States in Colorado, specifically the Arkansas River Valley, where the headwaters derive from the snowpack in the Sawatch and Mosquito mountain ranges. Its origin is in the Rocky Mountains near Leadville, Colorado and its mouth is at Napoleon, Arkansas. History of the Arkansas Valley, Colorado Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. (Last Privacy Policy Update July 2020), Byways & Historic Trails – Great Drives in America, Soldiers and Officers in American History. In the past, numerous bands of Native Americans lived and traveled along the Arkansas River long before it was ever discovered by Europeans. Its origin is in the Rocky Mountains near Leadville, Colorado and its mouth is at Napoleon, Arkansas. [12] River Valley soil and climate are much less conducive to cotton cultivation than the Arkansas Delta, and many settlers struggled. Near Ozark, the Aux Arc Park offers boating access to the Arkansas River and RV sites. Arkansas River, large tributary of the Mississippi River, rising in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains near Leadville in central Colorado, U.S., and flowing generally east-southeastward for 1,460 miles (2,350 km) through Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas before entering the Mississippi 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Arkansas City, Ark. Our cookies are delicious. Mount Magazine, Mount Nebo, and Petit Jean Mountain compose the Tri-Peaks Region, a further subdivision of the River Valley popular with hikers and outdoors enthusiasts. The White River is a 722-mile (1,162 km) river that flows through the U.S. states of Arkansas and Missouri. We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. South of Dardanelle, the Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge protects over 7,000 acres (2,800 ha) of bottomland and wetland surrounded by a cutoff meander of the Arkansas River. In the Pre-Colonial era, the River Valley was inhabited by Native American tribes, including Caddo, Cherokee, Choctaw, Osage, Tunica, and Quapaw tribes. Antecedent soil moisture levels and water levels in … The German community thrived with coal mining and railroad work driving the local economy. Peter’s and St. Paul’s River.” Father Jacques Marquette names it on his map of 1673. Internet Archive. North of Clarksville, Lake Ludwig offers swimming, boating and fishing to visitors. Held annually in July, the festival offers peach pit spitting contest and a terrapin derby in addition to a parade and traditional food and craft vendors. Approximately 84 miles (135 km) east, Russellville was the 16th largest city in Arkansas at the 2010 Census. The prehistoric Mound Builders and the historic Caddo, Wichita, and Osage settled or camped along the Arkansas River. Once it exits the mountains and … The spinach and greens products allowed Alma to leverage its existing fruit canning facility owned by the Alma Canning and Evaporating Company, which had been in the area since 1888. Generally defined as the area between the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains, the River Valley is characterized by flat lowlands covered in fertile farmland and lakes periodically interrupted by high peaks. Sheldon.--History of Chaffee County, by E.R. Ozark Lake, formed on the Arkansas River southwest of Mulberry, is surrounded by a WMA, The United States Forest Service operates both the Ouachita National Forest and the Ozark National Forest within the region, offering trails, camping, and fishing over thousands of acres of public land. The Mississippi River and Expansion of America, Your email address will not be published. The Post Winery has been in the Post family for five generations. The Greenwood Performing Arts Center has over 1,000 seats and is used for various performances in the city. HISTORY OF POLORADO . Accessible Archives. In 1854 a writer in the New York Tribune, in describing the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, gave Fort Mann (near Dodge City) as the “head of navigation” on the stream. The Jack Creek Recreation Area and Knopper's Ford Recreation Area offer well-known Arkansas swimming holes as well as hiking, camping and fishing. [21], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}35°22′N 93°22′W / 35.36°N 93.37°W / 35.36; -93.37, The River Valley as seen from atop Petit Jean Mountain in, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, Johnson County Historical Society Heritage Center, Logan County Coal Miners Memorial and Museum, Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture, "Osages participate in Carden Bottoms excavation in western Arkansas", "Google Maps (Search for Russellville, AR and Fort Smith, AR)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arkansas_River_Valley&oldid=992954641, Pages using infobox settlement with no map, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Arkansas Valley Hills - North and east of the Arkansas River, sometimes associated with the Ozarks, Bottomlands - Low swamps and prairies along the Arkansas River itself, 10 miles (16 km) wide in some places, Tri-peaks Region - Region punctuated by three steep mountains: Mount Magazine, Mount Nebo and Petit Jean Mountain, Valley - south of the Arkansas River, level plains and gently rolling hills, Adona Bluegrass Festival in Adona, second weekend in July. 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