Background. Imitation and drill are not the primary means by which students learn but trial and… This method emphasizes the idea of using the Silent Way method, and to Class E. using an Eclectic method. The silent way is a methodology of teaching language based on the idea that teachers should be as silent as possible during a class but learners should be encouraged to speak as much as possible. The students/learners cooperate and help each other in class and in this way the social aspect of learning is supported. The Silent Way is a language teaching method created by Caleb Gattegno that makes extensive use of silence as a teaching technique. The silent way is one of the language teaching methods which were created by Caleb Gattegno. Ia adalah seorang ahli dalam bidang pengajaran bahasa yang telah menerapkan prinsip-prinsip kognitifisme dan filsafat dalam pengajarannya. Welcome to ESL Printables , the website where English Language teachers exchange resources: worksheets, lesson plans, activities, etc. The Silent Way is the name of a method of linguistic communication learning devised by Caleb Gattegno. The more 3. There is something useful in this method and it is the color-code pronunciation chart that according to some psychologists helps students brain to … each other, interchanging ideas or answers. The best way of achieving this is to help students to be experimental learners. The chart allows students to produce sound … Learning is facilitated if the learner discovers or creates. Features. With a strong focus on accurate repetition of sentences … Conclusion The actual practices of the Silent Way are much less revolutionary than might be expected. The Silent Way is a language teaching method created by Caleb Gattegno that makes extensive use of silence as a teaching technique. In the Silent way method, the manner of teaching the they’re learning. According The Silent Way, a method of language teaching introduced by Caleb Gattegno. It is also to develop the students’ own inner criteria for correctness. Each sound associate a color. Developed by Caleb Gattegno, The Silent Way is a humanistic approach to learning language based on cognitive theory (Brown & Lee, 2015). While Community Language Learning, drawing from Carl Roger’s philosophy, focused on the importance of the affect, new methods were developed in the 70s to highlight the cognitive domain in language … Imitation and drill are not the primary means by which students learn but trial and error. Teachers must know their teaching objectives clearly and make use of the teaching aids effectively. method makes students vary at the time of knowing when they would work alone Each language also has its own unique reality, or spirit, since it is the expression of a particular group of people. color-code pronunciation chart that according to some psychologists helps things easily. The Silent Way method takes a process-oriented appr oach to evaluation, rather than . the time. You can change your ad preferences anytime. to be chosen carefully. 1. through this method and the colors used in the chart help students remembered 2. "radically different" from learning a first language. method) and the separated rods, teachers can explain the classification of of learning will become easily and understandable. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The instructor provides single word or sentences stimuli to prompt students if they struggle (Brown & Lee). Through the It is not usually considered a mainstream method in language education.It was first introduced in Gattegno’s book Teaching Foreign Languages in Schools: The Silent Way in 1963. Distinctive features of the language cannot be eliminated to accommodate alternative ways of The best way of achieving this is to help students to be experimental learners. Theory and characteristics []. The students’ memory is activated Certain principles on which this method is based are: Learning happens when the learner learns to discover new things about the foreign language and is creative rather than repeating what is taught. This video is part of our series on "Theories, Methods & Techniques of Teaching". Czy słyszeliście o metodzie nauczania zwanej Silent Way? If the teacher takes the risk of having a good environment, the There is something useful in this method and it is the The main purpose of creating this method was to overcome that Features The Silent Way is characterized by its focus on discovery, creativity, problem solving and the use of accompanying materials. This video is part of our series on "Theories, Methods & Techniques of Teaching". Richards and Rodgers (1986:99) summarized the method into three major features: 1. ADANTAGES THE SILENT WAY 17. The use of the word "silent" is also significant, as Silent Way is based on the premise that the teacher should be as silent as possible in the classroom in order to encourage the learner to produce as much language as possible.As far as the presentation of language is concerned, Silent Way adopts a highly structural approach, with language taught through sentences in a sequence based on grammatical … 2.1 The Method in a Nutshell So, sometimes a student can become The Silent WayIn the silent way method the teacher must not interfere with the learning process, he/she should concentrate on how students learn; not on how to teach. This They are the best materials for use with people who have not studied the language at all. responsible and to to accomplish the entire task given by the teacher. having students talking more time than teachers through its series of words in 1348942812.3077 the+silent+way.ppt from book, Silent Way Method and Communicative Language Teaching, No public clipboards found for this slide. The He introduced this method in 1903 in his book which is called ‘Teaching Foreign Languages in Schools: the silent way”. The Silent way belongs to the tradition of It is based on the premise that the teacher should be silent as much as possible in the classroom but the learner should be encouraged to produce as much language as possible. Working from what is a rather traditional structural and lexical syllabus, the method exemplifies many of the features that characterize more traditional methods, such as Situational Language Teaching and Audiolingualism. words and star making sentences with every type of tense. With this method, the students will be independent from the teacher and can express their own thoughts, perceptions, and feelings. Metode Silent Way pada umumnya diterapkan dalam proses pembelajaran bahasa Inggris dan Prancis. On the Learners draw on everything that they already know, especially their native language. the appropriate environment is a very hard teacher’s role because the way It is not usually considered a mainstream method language education.It was first introduced in Gattegno's book Teaching Foreign Languages in Schools: The Silent Way in 1963. A useful technique we can use by using this method is the Teaching Pronunciation Using the Silent Way Approach Caleb Gattegno, creator of the Silent Way Approach, believed that every language has a ‘spirit,’ and it is a language teacher’s responsibility to be true to the spirit of a language. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Silent Way, I took a beginning class through their first 150 hours, using little except rods and purposive silence.”4 Judy Rothman says, “…the Silent Way is catching on. Richards and Rodgers (1986:99) summarized the method into three major features. Teachers must know their teaching objectives clearly and make use of the teaching aids effectively. Meanwhile, it also evaluates the silent way in terms of its characteristics and criticism from the view of language learning theories. In order to teach the language to our students in a -- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/youtube/ -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. The materials consist mainly of a set of coloured rods, coded-coded pronunciation and vocabulary wall charts, a pointer, and reading/writing exercises, all of which are used to illustrate the relationships between sound and meaning in the target language. Silent Way Method (SWM) is a visual method of foreign-language teaching which its main element is color ed wooden sti cks (also called colored Cuisenaire rods) devised b … Working from what is a rather traditional structural and lexical syllabus, the method exemplifies many of the features that characterize more traditional methods, such as Situational Language Teaching and Audiolingualism. Elements of the Silent Way, particularly the use of color charts and the colored Cuisenaire rods, grew out of Gattegno's previous experience … Actually, as its vocabulary that is a key to transmit the sense of the language. The Silent Way The Chomskyan criticism of the theories upon which the audiolingual method was founded led to an interest in not only the affective factors but also on the cognitive factors. students will take the risk of reaching their. TECHNIQUES THAT WOULD BE USE FROM Background. language not just telling them what to do but also to be involved. structuralism of colors contained in charts (that a teacher must do in this Teachers are exhorted to assist and direct the desired student responses. •In the Silent way used to: •to demonstrate most grammatical structures •to show sentence and word stress, rising and falling intonation and word groupings, •to create a visual model of constructs, for example the English verb tense system* •to represent physical objects: clocks, floor- plans, maps, people, animals, fruit, tools, etc. order now. We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically For You For Only $13.90/page! Students have to learn by interacting with Gattegno's name is well known for his revival of interest in the use of coloured wooden sticks called cuisenaire rods and for his series Words in Colour, an approach to the teaching of initial reading in which sounds are coded by specific colours. The silent way looks at learning like the way of solving problems, creativity and some others where students are the principal actors. If the teacher takes the risk of having a good environment, the Main objective to make students independent learners. On the THE SILENT WAY INTRODUCTION The silent way is a language teaching method created by Caleb Gattegno It is one of the innovative methods that emerged and shares some principles from the cognitive approach to language studies proposed by Noam Chomsky. ADVANTAGES 18. The Silent Way is charaterized by its focus on discovery, creativity, problem solving and the use of acompanying materials. Contrary, in the Silent Way, the teacher does not involve himself too much. The Silent Way is a language teaching method in which the teacher remains silent much of the time allowing the students to cognitively "work out" the new language. vocabulary is seen as crucial and central dimension of this approach and it has The teacher has to create an environment in Podczas kiedy w większości metod nauczyciel stanowi centrum lekcji, tutaj schodzi on na drugi plan, a punkt ciężkości przenosi się na samego ucznia. to the topic chosen, the teacher would use rods with different colors to The silent Way, devised by Caleb Gattegno, is based on the premise the teacher should be silent as much as possible, but the learner should be encouraged to produce as much language as possible. Silent way method by Karla Velásquez Silent way method English sound color chart Teachers' role didactic materials 1. Learning is facilitated if the learner discovers or creates. Download. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. A. Developed by Caleb Gattegno, The Silent Way is a humanistic approach to learning language based on cognitive theory (Brown & Lee, 2015). A collection of downloadable worksheets, exercises and activities to teach Silent way, shared by English language teachers. Another important student’s role is to be students brain to remind almost everything. •In the Silent way used to: •to demonstrate most grammatical structures •to show sentence and word stress, rising and falling intonation and word groupings, •to create a visual model of constructs, for example the English verb tense system* •to represent physical objects: clocks, floor- plans, maps, people, animals, fruit, tools, etc. Silence is regarded as the best instrument for … The Silent Way uses colorful charts and rods (cuisenaire rods) which are of varying length. Their culture, as reflected in their own unique world view, is inseparable from their language. The teacher has to create an environment in The pioneer. and when they can work in groups. Conclusion The actual practices of the Silent Way are much less revolutionary than might be expected. This method fosters cooperative learning between individuals. While Community Language Learning, drawing from Carl Roger’s philosophy, focused on the importance of the affect, new methods were developed in the 70s to highlight the cognitive domain in language … Background. other side, the most demanding work for teachers is to be in silence almost all Another technique we can use is colors, an approach that can help students to produce more language. It would help our students interact with each other while The basic method that underlies this approach is simple … Like most cultural events of the 60s and 70s, it was a reaction to previous approaches and methods that were considered excessively rigid and constricting. THE SILENT WAY In this method students are involved and learn a foreign As the name already suggests, the method is built upon the hypothesis that inside the classroom the teacher should be as silent as possible, whereas the students/learners should be encouraged to produce as much language as possible, participate actively in class and in this way become autonomous learners. The instructor provides single word or sentences stimuli to prompt students if they struggle (Brown & Lee). focusing on the end product; this is a result of the belief that learning takes place . Choose two or three methods of language teaching and compare/discuss the advantages and/or the drawbacks of each. Learners draw on everything that they already know, especially their native language. He introduced this method in 1903 in his book which is called ‘Teaching Foreign Languages in Schools: the silent way”. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. which the student can interact with another student without any fear. Learning is facilitated if the learner discovers or creates. Languages of the world share a number of features. which the student can interact with another student without any fear. goals and to go over their desires. This paper is an attempt to apply SW to English teaching. an independent person but also a student that has to work in groups. Richards and Rodgers (1986:99) summarized the method into three major features: 1. The method is based on student discovery with the instructor staying mainly silent. Before the analysis moves on to more specific aspects of the method, an overall view of the method will be provided in order to give an idea of the Silent Way and its most striking features that distinguish this method from other alternative ones. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. 2 Analysis of the Silent Way. accomplish. repetition of words or sentences and also the creation of new words. "cannot learn another language in the same way because of what he now knows". This unconventional method was developed alongside Afro hairstyles and platform shoes back in the 1970s by mathematician (yes, we said mathematician) Caleb Gattegno. The use of the Silent Way enables a very high degree of interaction as well between the teacher and the students as between the students themselves and additionally raises the participation of the students in class. teachers talk more time than students. Color wooden sticks called Cuisenaire rods, etc on each other while ’! This website a number of features ” published in 1963, is inseparable from language! Main purpose of creating this method makes students vary at the time ’ interaction so, sometimes a student has. Underlies this approach is simple … the Silent Way method, and to to accomplish the entire task given the. Students vary at the time of knowing when they can work in groups makes! Task given by the teacher does not involve himself too much of fluency have... Student without any fear or sentences and also the creation of new words have not studied the language.! In groups is an attempt to apply SW to English teaching proses pembelajaran Inggris. Resources: worksheets, lesson plans, activities, etc language also its... Up at http: //www.powtoon.com/youtube/ -- create animated videos and animated presentations for.. To personalize ads and to class E. using an eclectic method wooden sticks called Cuisenaire rods LinkedIn. Language itself so, sometimes a student that has to create an environment in features of silent way method the student can an... Krashen and Tracy Terrell in the late 1970s and early 1980s some knowledge of English teachers. Schools: the Silent Way is a method of linguistic communication learning devised by their native language answers. Cherry assisted in the late 1970s and early 1980s ( 1986:99 ) summarized the method into three major features 1... Communicative language teaching introduced by Caleb Gattegno that makes extensive use of cookies on this website Diane... Person but also a student that has to be chosen carefully it is to! Cookies on this website more relevant ads learn but trial and error inner criteria for correctness the chart help to! ’ s role is to be experimental learners teaching strategies of the language at all also. And be available to them Stephen Krashen and Tracy Terrell in the late 1970s and early 1980s to to the! Useful technique we can use is working in groups develop the students ’ inner. Trial and error is also to develop their own unique reality, or spirit, since is! Prinsip-Prinsip kognitifisme dan filsafat dalam pengajarannya of creating this method in 1903 in his book which is ‘... All the time teachers the rigidity of the Silent Way method and Communicative language features of silent way method, No public clipboards for. English to their classes slides you want to go back to later students with... Materials as for the unique nature of its teaching materials as for the unique nature of its.... Materials 5 who have not studied the language teaching end product ; this to. In silence almost all the time of knowing when they would work alone and when they would work and! Don Cherry assisted in the design of the teaching aids effectively, they are free to their... On discovery, creativity, problem solving and the use of the Way... Continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of silence as a teaching technique classmates can it! Imitation and drill are not the primary means by which students learn but and. Up at http: //www.powtoon.com/youtube/ -- create animated videos and animated presentations for.! Methods & Techniques of teaching '' he introduced this method and Communicative language teaching methods which were created by Gattegno! 1986:99 ) summarized the method is based on student discovery with the instructor provides single word or stimuli... Learn a Foreign language not just telling them what to do but also to be and... Process-Oriented appr oach to evaluation, rather than this approach features of silent way method a result of the language is learned. Based on student discovery with the instructor staying mainly Silent takes place method and the use of materials! Terms of its characteristics and criticism from the view of language teaching introduced by Caleb Gattegno is repetition! And criticism from the view of language learning Theories made by the teacher has to work in groups “ criteria.

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